The Consequences of In vitro Fertilization Treatment

Infertility as a disease of the reproductive system is the inability to become pregnant after 12 months of intercourse without contraception using no birth control methods. In vitro Fertilization (IVF) as a form of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) and the most effective intervention is used to treat infertility issues with the joining of a woman's egg and a man's sperm outside the body, in a laboratory. There are several steps including hormonal stimulation, egg retrieval, insemination, fertilization, embryo culture, and embryo transfer to the woman's body. If the chance of fertilization is low, in Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) procedure the sperm is directly injected into the cytoplasm of an egg. IVF as a breakthrough in the treatment of infertility provides the best opportunity of having a child using their own eggs. IVF can be more successful than other forms of ART such as Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) method. Although the procedure of IVF has many advantages for a couple who would be unable to have a baby, it has some disadvantages. The review aims to update the potential impact and risks at different times in the IVF process.


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