Abstract

Magnitude of Anemia and Socio Demographic Factors Associated with it among Adults Age 15-49 Years in Ethiopia: A Population Based Study using the 2016 Demographic and Health Survey Data

Background: According to World Health Organization (WHO); anemia considered
as a major public threat when prevalence was greater than 40%, a moderate public
threat from 20-40%, and as a mild threat from 5-20%. This study aims to assess
the prevalence of anemia and its associated socio demographic factors among
adults age 15-49 years in Ethiopia.
Methods: Demographic and Health Surveys in 2016, in Ethiopia were analyzed
in SPSS, using multivariate logistic regression. Socio demographic variables were
selected based on their availability in the dataset.
Results: The total sample of 27289 of men and women 15-49 years at the time
of survey, 19.8 % (n=5078) anemia. Men and women 15-49 years living in rural
areas 0.029 (AOR 0.029 ; 95% CI:0.018--0.048), men and women age living in
afar region 0.821 (AOR 0.821; 95% CI: 0.725--0.929), men and women who are in
lowest wealth quintile 1.255 (AOR 1.255; 95% CI: 1.091-1.445) and an increase
in one-year in age 9.952 (95% CI 6.2 to 16.1) were found significant predictors of
anemia.
Conclusion: The magnitude of anemia in the current study was found to be a mild
public health problem. Rural residence, low wealth quartile and old age were
predictors of anemia among adults Age 15-49 years. There is significant urban-
rural difference in anemia prevalence, indicating the need for targeting specific
areas for intervention.


Author(s):

Kaleab Tesfaye Tegegne*



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